28th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 28th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1953: Watson and Crick discover chemical structure of DNA: Cambridge University scientists James D. Watson and Frances H.C. Crick announced that they had determined the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule containing human genes, on the 28th February 1953. Read more about DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

27th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 27th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1827: New Orleanians take to the streets for Mardi Gras: A group of masked and costumed students danced through the streets of New Orleans, Louisiana, marking the beginning of the city’s famous Mardi Gras celebrations on the 27th February 1827. Mardi Gras is also known as Fat Tuesday and Carnival Season and Mardi Gras Season, and refers to events of the Carnival celebrations, beginning on or after the Epiphany or Kings Day and culminating on the day before Ash Wednesday. Mardi Gras is French for Fat Tuesday, referring to the practice of the last night of eating richer, fatty foods before the ritual fasting of the Lenten season, which begins on Ash Wednesday. Read more about Mardi Gras | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

26th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 26th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1919: Two national parks preserved, 10 years apart: Two national parks were established in the United States 10 years apart; the Grand Canyon in 1919 and the Grand Tetons in 1929, on the 26th February. The Grand Canyon is the product of millions of years of excavation by the Colorado River. The chasm drops over a mile into the earth, and is 15 miles across at its widest point. The Grand Canyon is home to more than 1,500 plant species and over 500 animal species, with many of them endangered or unique to the area, and it’s steep, multi-coloured walls which tell the story of 2 billion years of Earth’s history. | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

25th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 25th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1964: Clay knocks out Liston: 22-year-old Cassius Clay (now known as Muhammad Ali) shocked the odds-makers by dethroning world heavyweight boxing champ Sonny Liston in a seventh-round technical knockout on the 25th February 1964. Liston, who had twice beaten former champ Floyd Patterson in one round, was an 8-to-1 favorite. Cassius Clay predicted victory, boasting that he would “float like a butterfly, sting like a bee” and knock out Liston in the 8th round. A few months later Liston failed to answer the seventh-round bell, and Cassius Clay was proclaimed the new heavyweight champion. | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

24th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 24th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1836: Alamo defenders call for help: In San Antonio, Texas, Colonel William Travis issued a call for help on behalf of the Texan troops defending the Alamo, an old Spanish mission and fortress under attack by the Mexican army, on the 24th February 1836. William Travis, a native of Alabama, moved to the Mexican state of Texas in 1831. He soon became a leader of the growing movement to overthrow the Mexican government and establish an independent Texan republic. When the Texas revolution began in 1835, William Travis became a lieutenant-colonel in the revolutionary army and was given command of troops in San Antonio de Bexar. Read more about the Battle of Alamo | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

23rd FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

The 23rd of FEBRUARY HiSTORY TiMELiNE

1455 ~ The Gutenberg Bible traditional date for the publication. The 1st Western book printed with movable type.

1739 ~ Dick Turpin the outlaw was identified by his former schoolteacher at York Castle.

1836 ~ The Siege of the Alamo (prelude to the Battle of the Alamo) began in San Antonio, during the Texas Revolution.

1861 ~ President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington, D.C., after avoiding an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.

1883 ~ Alabama became the 1st U.S. state to enact an anti-trust law.

1886 ~ The 1st samples of aluminium were produced from the electrolysis of aluminium oxide by Charles Martin Hall.

1887 ~ The French Riviera earthquake killing about 2,000 people.

1903 ~ Guantánamo Bay was leased to the United States by Cuba, in perpetuity.

1905 ~ The 1st Rotary Club was formed when attorney Paul Harris and 3 businessmen met for lunch in downtown Chicago, USA.

1909 ~ The AEA Silver Dart made the 1st powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.

1927 ~ U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill by Congress to establish the Federal Radio Commission to regulate the use of radio frequencies in USA, which was later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission.

1927 ~ The uncertainty principle was described for the 1st time when Werner Heisenberg the German theoretical physicist wrote a letter to Wolfgang Pauli, a fellow physicist.

1934 ~ Leopold III became the King of Belgium.

1941 ~ Plutonium was 1st produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.

1942 ~ Japanese submarines fired artillery shells at the coastline of Santa Barbara, California, during World War 2.

1945 ~ American flag raised on Iwo Jima by United States Marines and a U.S. Navy hospital corpsman as they reach the top of Mount Suribachi, in the Battle of Iwo Jima, during World War 2. During the bloody Battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines from the 3rd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Regiment of the 5th Division took the crest of Mount Suribachi, the island’s highest peak and most strategic position, and raised the U.S. flag on the 23rd February 1945. Marine photographer Louis Lowery was with them and photographed the event. American soldiers fighting for control of Suribachi’s slopes cheered the raising of the flag, with more Marines raising a larger flag  several hours later. Joe Rosenthal, a photographer with the Associated Press, met them along the way and recorded the raising of the 2nd flag along with a Marine still photographer and a motion-picture cameraman.

1945 ~ World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.

1947 ~ International Organization for Standardization was founded.

1954 ~ The 1st mass inoculation of children against polio, when the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh, USA.

1987 ~ Supernova 1987a was seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.

1998 ~ Tornadoes in central Florida destroyed or damaged 2600 structures, and killed 42 people.

2007 ~ A train derailed near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, causing 1 death and 88 injured people.

2010 ~ The river Lambro was polluted by 2​.5 million litres of diesel oil, sparking Italy’s worst environmental disaster.

Today in History for February 23rd (Associated Press video)

22nd FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

The 22nd of FEBRUARY HiSTORY TiMELiNE

1632 ~ Galileo’s Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems was published.

1651 ~ St. Peter’s Flood storm struck the North Sea coast in Northern Germany, drowning approximately 15,000 people.

1819 ~ Spain sold Florida to the United States for 5 million U.S. dollars, with the signing of the Adams–Onís Treaty.

1853 ~ Washington University was founded as Eliot Seminary, in St. Louis, Missouri, USA.

1855 ~ The Pennsylvania State University was founded as the Farmers’ High School of Pennsylvania.

1878 ~ The 1st Woolworth store was opened by Frank Woolworth, in Utica, New York.

1909 ~ Tthe Great White Fleet returned to the United States after a voyage around the world.

1915 ~ The Imperial German Navy instituted unrestricted submarine warfare during World War 1.

1924 ~ U.S. President Calvin Coolidge became the 1st President to deliver a radio address from the White House.

1943 ~ White Rose resistance members, Sophie Scholl, Hans Scholl, and Christoph Probst were executed in Nazi Germany, during World War 2.

1958 ~ The United Arab Republic was formed by Egypt and Syria.

1980 ~ Miracle on Ice in Lake Placid, New York, when the United States hockey team defeated the Soviet Union hockey team 4 – 3.  This was one of the most dramatic upsets in Olympic history, when the underdog U.S. hockey team, consisting of college players, defeated the four-time defending gold-medal winning Soviet team at the XIII Olympic Winter Games in Lake Placid, New York. The Soviet squad, known as the finest in the world, fell to the youthful American team 4-3 before a crowd of 10,000 spectators. Two days later, the Americans defeated Finland 4-2 to clinch the hockey gold.

1995 ~ The Corona reconnaissance satellite program was declassified.

1997 ~ British scientists announced that Dolly the sheep was successfully cloned, in Roslin, Midlothian.

2005 ~ The Zarand earthquake in Iran killed 612 people dead, and injured 1,411.

2006 ~ Britain’s biggest robbery was staged by 6 men, stealing £53m (approximately $92.5 million or €78 million) from a Securitas depot in Tonbridge, Kent, England.

2011 ~ The Christchurch earthquake in New Zealand killed 185 people.

2012 ~ Buenos Aires train crash in Argentina, killed 51 people and injured 700.

2015 ~ A Padma River ferry capsized killing 70 of the passengers, in Bangladesh, India.

Today in History for February 22nd (Associated Press video)

21st FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

The 21st of FEBRUARY HiSTORY TiMELiNE

1804 ~ The 1st self-propelling steam locomotive made its outing at the Pen-y-Darren Ironworks in Wales.

1808 ~ The Finnish War began without a previous declaration of war, when Russian troops crossed the border to Sweden at Abborfors in eastern Finland, in which Sweden eventually lost the eastern half of the country (now known as Finland) to Russia.

1828 ~ The Cherokee Phoenix initial issue became the 1st periodical to use the Cherokee syllabary invented by Sequoyah.

1842 ~ 1st U.S. patent for the sewing machine was granted to John Greenough.

1848 ~ The Communist Manifesto was published by Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

1866 ~ Lucy Hobbs Taylor became the 1st American woman to graduate from dental school.

1878 ~ The 1st telephone directory was issued, in New Haven, Connecticut.

1885 ~ The Washington Monument was dedicated.

1918 ~ The last Carolina parakeet died in captivity, at the Cincinnati Zoo.

1925 ~ The New Yorker published the 1st issue.

1947 ~ The 1st instant camera, the Polaroid Land Camera was demonstrated in New York City, by Edwin Land, at an Optical Society of America meeting.

1948 ~ NASCAR was incorporated.

1958 ~ The peace symbol (CND symbol) design was completed by Gerald Holtom. It was commissioned by the Direct Action Committee in protest against the Atomic Weapons Research Establishment.

1971 ~ The Convention on Psychotropic Substances was signed at Vienna.

1972 ~ Luna 20 the Soviet unmanned spaceship landed on the Moon.

1995 ~ Steve Fossett became the 1st person to make a solo flight across the Pacific Ocean in a balloon, when he landed in Leader, Saskatchewan, Canada.

Today in History for February 21st (Associated Press video)

20th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

The 20th of FEBRUARY HiSTORY TiMELiNE

1472 ~ Orkney and Shetland were pawned by Norway to Scotland in lieu of a dowry for Margaret of Denmark.

1792 ~ United States Post Office Department was established with the signing of the Postal Service Act by United States President George Washington.

1798 ~ Louis-Alexandre Berthier removed Pope Pius VI from power.

1810 ~ Andreas Hofer the Tirolean patriot and leader of the rebellion against Napoleon’s forces, was executed.

1816 ~ The Barber of Seville opera by Rossini premiered at the Teatro Argentina in Rome.

1835 ~ The Concepción earthquake destroyed Concepción in Chile.

1872 ~ The Metropolitan Museum of Art opened in New York City.

1909 ~ The Futurist Manifesto was published in the French journal Le Figaro.

1913 ~ King O’Malley put the 1st survey peg in the ground to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.

1931 ~ The San Francisco – Oakland Bay Bridge was approved by the U.S. Congress for construction by the state of California.

1933 ~ Adolf Hitler secretly met with German industrialists to arrange Nazi Party financing for the upcoming election campaign.

1935 ~ Caroline Mikkelsen became the 1st woman to set foot in Antarctica.

1942 ~ Lieutenant Edward O’Hare becames America’s 1st World War II flying ace.

1943 ~ American movie studio executives agreed to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.

1943 ~ The Saturday Evening Post published the 1st of Norman Rockwell’s Four Freedoms in support of United States President Franklin Roosevelt’s 1941 State of the Union address theme of Four Freedoms.

1944 ~ The United States took Eniwetok Island, during World War 2.

1962 ~ John Glenn became the 1st American to orbit the earth, while aboard Friendship 7 during the Mercury program. He made 3 orbits in four hours and 55 minutes.

1965 ~ Ranger 8 crashed into the Moon after a successful mission of photographing possible landing sites for the Apollo program astronauts.

1971 ~ The United States Emergency Broadcast System was accidentally activated in an erroneous national alert.

1979 ~ The Sinila volcanic crater cracked open by an earthquake, on the Dieng Plateau, releasing poisonous H2S gas and killing 149 villagers in the Indonesian province of Central Java.

1986 ~ The Mir spacecraft was launched by the Soviet Union, and remained in orbit for 15 years. For 10 years it was occupied by astronauts.

1998 ~ Tara Lipinski the 14 year old American figure skater became the youngest gold-medalist at the 1998 Winter Olympics in Nagano, Japan.

2003 ~ The Station nightclub in West Warwick, Rhode Island was set ablaze by a pyrotechnics display, during a Great White concert, killing 100 people and injuring more than 200 others.

2010 ~ The Madeira Island, Portugal floods and mudslides, caused 43 deaths, in the worst disaster in archipelago’s history.

Today in History for February 20th (Associated Press video)

19th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

The 19th of FEBRUARY HiSTORY TiMELiNE

1600 ~ The Peruvian stratovolcano Huaynaputina exploded in the most violent eruption recorded in South America.

1819 ~ William Smith the British explorer discovered the South Shetland Islands, and claimed them in the name of King George III.

1847 ~ The Donner Party surviving members were reached by the 1st group of rescuers. The Donner Party were a group of American pioneers bound for California in a wagon train, but were stranded by snow in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. In the summer of 1846, 89 people (including 31 members of the Donner and Reed families) set out in a wagon train from Springfield, Illinois. After arriving at Fort Bridger, Wyoming, the emigrants decided to avoid the usual route and go via Hastings Cutoff, a new trail recently blazed by California promoter Lansford Hastings. After electing George Donner as their captain, the party departed Fort Bridger in mid-July.  The so called shortcut set the Donner Party back about 3 weeks, costing them much-needed supplies. They suffered great hardships in the Wasatch Mountains, the Great Salt Lake Desert and along the Humboldt River, before finally reaching the Sierra Nevada Mountains in early October. While camped at Truckee Lake in the high mountains 21 kilometers northwest of Lake Tahoe, an early winter storm blanketed the ground with snow, blocking the mountain pass and trapping the Donner Party.

1878 ~ Thomas Edison patented the phonograph.

1884 ~ The 1984 Enigma outbreak hit the Southern United States with over 60 tornadoes, one of the largest tornado outbreaks in U.S. history.

1913 ~ Pedro Lascuráin became President of Mexico for 45 minutes, which was the shortest term of any person as president of any country.

1942 ~ Darwin, Australia was attacked by approximately 250 Japanese warplanes during World War 2, killing 243 people.

1942 ~ Franklin D. Roosevelt the United States President signed executive order 9066, allowing the United States military to relocate Japanese Americans to internment camps, during World War 2.

1949 ~ Ezra Pound was awarded the 1st Bollingen Prize in poetry by the Bollingen Foundation and Yale University.

1953 ~ Georgia approved the 1st literature censorship board in the United States.

1959 ~ The United Kingdom granted Cyprus independence, which was formally proclaimed on the 16th August 1960.

1960 ~ China launched the T-7, their 1st sounding rocket.

1985 ~ William J. Schroeder became the 1st recipient of an artificial heart to leave hospital.

1985 ~ Iberia Airlines Boeing 727 crashed into Mount Oiz in Spain, killing 148 people.

2002 ~ NASA’s Mars Odyssey space probe began to map the surface of Mars using thermal emission imaging system.

2006 ~ Pasta de Conchos mine disaster near Nueva Rosita, Mexico, killed 65 miners when methane explosed.

2011 ~ The Belitung shipwreck debut exhibition containing the largest collection of Tang dynasty artifacts found in one location, began in Singapore.

Today in History for February 19th (Associated Press video)