1836 : The Arc de Triomphe in Paris, France was inaugurated. The full name is the Arc de Triomphe de l’Étoile, which is known as the Triumphal Arch of the Star, in English. It is one of the most famous monuments in Paris, and honours those that died fighting for France in the French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars.
1851 : The Eunomia asteroid was discovered by Annibale de Gasparis, an Italian astronomer. It is a very large asteroid in the inner asteroid belt, which is also known as 15 Eunomia.
1540 : Thomas Cromwell was beheaded on orders of King Henry VIII of England. A charge of treason led to the execution of Thomas Cromwell, an English lawyer and statesman who served King Henry VIII as chief minister for 16 years, from 1534 to 1540.
1700s / 18th century history on the 28th of July
1741 : Antonio Vivaldi, the Italian violinist and composer, died aged 63 (born in 1678).
1750 : Johann Sebastian Bach, the German composer and musician, died aged 65 (born in 1685).
1694 : The Bank of England was established as the central bank of the United Kingdom, when it was granted a royal charter, through the passage of the Tonnage Act 1694. It was the model on which most modern central banks were based. The Bank of England is the 8th oldest bank in the world. Official website : BankOfEngland.co.uk
1800s / 19th century history on the 27th of July
1890 : Vincent van Gogh shot himself in the chest with a revolver, and then walked back to the Auberge Ravoux, the place where he was a lodger, in the village of Auvers-sur-Oise, on the outskirts of Paris, in France. He was attended to by 2 doctors, but there was no surgeon available to remove the bullet. Vincent died 2 days later due to an untreated infection from the gunshot wound.
1739 : George Clinton the 4th Vice President of the United States was born in Little Britain, Province of New York, British America (died in 1812 aged 72).
1745 : The 1st women’s cricket match on record was played, between 2 villages, Bramley versus Hambledon, at Gosden Common, near Guildford, in England. The Hambledon girls defeated the Bramley girls, 127 to 119 notches.
1788 : New York ratified the United States Constitution to became the 11th state of the United States.
1668 : Shandong earthquake hit China and killed more than 40,000 people. The aftershocks continued for 6 years.
1700s / 18th century history on the 25th of July
1788 : Symphony No. 40 in G minor was completed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart. It is also known as the Great G minor symphony, and is 1 of only 2 extant minor key symphonies Mozart wrote.
1799 : Napoleon Bonaparte defeated the Ottoman army in the Battle of Abukir during the French campaign in Egypt, although Napoleon was outnumbered with his 7,700 men against the Ottoman army of over 18,000 soldiers.
1840 : The Province of Canada was created by the Act of Union, under the approval of the British Parliament, to abolish the legislatures of Lower Canada and Upper Canada, which enabled the establishment of a new political entity.
1885 : Ulysses S. Grant the 18th President of the United States died from throat cancer, aged 63 (born in 1822).
1900s / 20th century history on the 23rd of July
1903 : The Ford Motor Company sold their 1st car, which was a Model A Ford, sold to Ernest Pfennig, a dentist in Chicago. A total of 1,750 Model A Ford vehicles were sold until 1904, when it was replaced by the Ford Model C. Official website : Ford.com
1342 : St. Mary Magdalene’s flood was the largest recorded flood of all time in central Europe, with water levels exceeding the 2002 European floods.
1500s / 16th century history on the 22nd of July
1598 : The Merchant of Venice play by William Shakespeare was entered on the Stationers’ Register, which was by decree of Queen Elizabeth, which licensed printed works, giving the Crown tight control over all published material.