1770 : Captain JAMES COOK arrived at Botany Bay (Sydney, Australia) when he made first landfall on the mainland at Kurnell Peninsula (see Google map & street view), where he made first contact with the Gweagal aboriginal tribe. Cook originally named the bay “Stingray Bay,” but later changed it to Botany Bay.
1800s / 19th century history on the 29th of April
1826 : The CENTAURUS A GALAXY was discovered by James Dunlop in Parramatta, NSW, Australia. The center of the galaxy in the constellation of Centaurus contains a supermassive black hole with a mass of 55 million solar masses. Centaurus is one of the largest constellations among the 88 listed modern constellations.
1253 : Nichiren the Japanese Buddhist monk declared the essence of Buddhism to beNamu Myōhō Renge Kyō, which in effect was the founding of Nichiren Buddhism.
1700s / 18th century history on the 28th of April
1789 : MUTiNY on The BOUNTY occurred in the South Pacific Ocean when acting-Lieutenant Fletcher Christian, and dissatisfied crewmen, seized control of the ship from their captain, Lieutenant William Bligh. They set him and 18 loyalists adrift in the ship’s open launch.
1791 : Samuel Morse the American inventor and painter was born in Charlestown, Massachusetts, USA (died in 1872 aged 80). After becoming a successful portrait painter, he became a co-developer of Morse code, which helped to develop the commercial use of telegraphy.
1792 : 1st person executed by guillotine : Highwayman Nicolas J. Pelletier was the first person to be executed by guillotine, after he was sentenced to death for robbery and murder. He was executed publicly outside the Hôtel de Ville in Paris, France.
1792 : La Marseillaise, the French national anthem was composed by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle.
1885 : Annie Oakley the American sharpshooter was hired to be a part of Buffalo Bill’s Wild West.
1895 : JOSHUA SLOCUM set sail on a sloop from Boston in USA, on a journey to be the first person to sail single-handedly around the world. Three years later on the 27th June 1898, he returned to Newport in USA, after sailing 74,000 km (46,000 miles) circumnavigating the world, which went almost unnoticed, because the Spanish-American War had begun 2 months earlier, and was dominating the headlines. Eventually many American newspapers published articles about his amazing triumph, and in 1899 he published a book about his epic voyage in Sailing Alone Around the World.
please enjoy your travel through time on the 23rd day of April,with interesting events, births & deaths on this day in history
23rd April History Timeline
1600s / the 17th century on the 23rd of April
1616 : William Shakespeare the English playwright died aged 52, within a month of signing his will. He is one of the greatest writers in the English language, and also regarded as the world’s greatest dramatist.
please enjoy your travel through time on the 22nd day of April,with interesting events, births & deaths on this day in history
22nd April History Timeline
1800s / the 19th century on the 22nd of April
1889 : Land Rush of 1889 began at noon on the 22nd April, when thousands rushed to claim land in cities of Oklahoma City and Guthrie, within a few hours, which formed populations of up to 10,000 people.
please enjoy your travel through time on the 21st day of April,with interesting events, births & deaths on this day in history
21st April History Timeline
1800s / the 19th century on the 21st of April
1816 : Charlotte Brontë the English novelist and poet was born in Thornton, Yorkshire, England (died in 1855 aged 38). She was the eldest of the three Brontë sisters whose novels became classics of English literature.
1856 : Australian labour movement stonemasons and building workers stopped work and marched from the University of Melbourne to Parliament House to achieve an eight-hour day. Their protest was successful, and they’re noted to be among the first organised workers in the world to achieve the eight-hour day with no loss of pay.