23rd FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

The 23rd of FEBRUARY HiSTORY TiMELiNE

1455 ~ The Gutenberg Bible traditional date for the publication. The 1st Western book printed with movable type.

1739 ~ Dick Turpin the outlaw was identified by his former schoolteacher at York Castle.

1836 ~ The Siege of the Alamo (prelude to the Battle of the Alamo) began in San Antonio, during the Texas Revolution.

1861 ~ President-elect Abraham Lincoln arrived secretly in Washington, D.C., after avoiding an alleged assassination plot in Baltimore, Maryland.

1883 ~ Alabama became the 1st U.S. state to enact an anti-trust law.

1886 ~ The 1st samples of aluminium were produced from the electrolysis of aluminium oxide by Charles Martin Hall.

1887 ~ The French Riviera earthquake killing about 2,000 people.

1903 ~ Guantánamo Bay was leased to the United States by Cuba, in perpetuity.

1905 ~ The 1st Rotary Club was formed when attorney Paul Harris and 3 businessmen met for lunch in downtown Chicago, USA.

1909 ~ The AEA Silver Dart made the 1st powered flight in Canada and the British Empire.

1927 ~ U.S. President Calvin Coolidge signed a bill by Congress to establish the Federal Radio Commission to regulate the use of radio frequencies in USA, which was later replaced by the Federal Communications Commission.

1927 ~ The uncertainty principle was described for the 1st time when Werner Heisenberg the German theoretical physicist wrote a letter to Wolfgang Pauli, a fellow physicist.

1934 ~ Leopold III became the King of Belgium.

1941 ~ Plutonium was 1st produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.

1942 ~ Japanese submarines fired artillery shells at the coastline of Santa Barbara, California, during World War 2.

1945 ~ American flag raised on Iwo Jima by United States Marines and a U.S. Navy hospital corpsman as they reach the top of Mount Suribachi, in the Battle of Iwo Jima, during World War 2. During the bloody Battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines from the 3rd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Regiment of the 5th Division took the crest of Mount Suribachi, the island’s highest peak and most strategic position, and raised the U.S. flag on the 23rd February 1945. Marine photographer Louis Lowery was with them and photographed the event. American soldiers fighting for control of Suribachi’s slopes cheered the raising of the flag, with more Marines raising a larger flag  several hours later. Joe Rosenthal, a photographer with the Associated Press, met them along the way and recorded the raising of the 2nd flag along with a Marine still photographer and a motion-picture cameraman.

1945 ~ World War II: The capital of the Philippines, Manila, is liberated by combined Filipino and American forces.

1947 ~ International Organization for Standardization was founded.

1954 ~ The 1st mass inoculation of children against polio, when the Salk vaccine began in Pittsburgh, USA.

1987 ~ Supernova 1987a was seen in the Large Magellanic Cloud.

1998 ~ Tornadoes in central Florida destroyed or damaged 2600 structures, and killed 42 people.

2007 ~ A train derailed near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, causing 1 death and 88 injured people.

2010 ~ The river Lambro was polluted by 2​.5 million litres of diesel oil, sparking Italy’s worst environmental disaster.

Today in History for February 23rd (Associated Press video)