5th AUGUST ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

AUGUST 5th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 2002 : Divers recovered U.S.S. Monitor turret | & more about history on this day in the video… The ironclad U.S.S. Monitor warship was raised from the floor of the Atlantic, sinced it went  down in a storm off Cape Hatteras, North Carolina, during the Civil War, 140 years ago.

MAJOR EVENTS iN HiSTORY ON THiS DAY ~ AUGUST 5th

…see the timeline below for more details, births & events…

PEOPLE BORN ON THiS DAY ~ AUGUST 5th

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…see the timeline below for more details & more events…

DEATHS ON THiS DAY ~ AUGUST 5th

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…see the timeline below for more details & more events…

TiMELiNE of HiSTORY ON THiS DAY & PEOPLE BORN on AUGUST 5th

1100 ~ Henry I was crowned King of England in Westminster Abbey.

1583 ~ Sir Humphrey Gilbert established the 1st English colony in North America, now known as St. John’s, Newfoundland and Labrador.

1620 ~ The Mayflower departed from Southampton, England on its first attempt to reach North America.

1735 ~ New York Weekly Journal writer John Peter Zenger was acquitted of seditious libel against the royal governor of New York, on the basis that what he had published was true. (Freedom of the press)

1858 ~ Cyrus West Field and others completed the 1st transatlantic telegraph cable after several unsuccessful attempts. It only operated for less than a month.

1874 ~ Japan launched its postal savings system, modeled after a similar system used in the United Kingdom.

1882 ~ The Standard Oil of New Jersey was established.

1884 ~ The cornerstone for the Statue of Liberty was laid on Bedloe’s Island in New York Harbor (now known as Liberty Island).

1888 ~ Bertha Benz drove from Mannheim to Pforzheim and back in the 1st long distance automobile trip, which was commemorated as the Bertha Benz Memorial Route since 2008.

1901 ~ Peter O’Connor set the 1st IAAF recognised long jump world record of 24 ft 11.75 in (7.6137 m). The record remained for 20 years.

1914 ~  The guns of the Point Nepean fort at Port Phillip Heads in Victoria, Australia, fired across the bows of the Norddeutscher Lloyd steamer SS Pfalz, which was attempting to leave the Port of Melbourne in ignorance of the declaration of war, and was detained. This is said to be the 1st Allied shot of World War I.

1914 ~ In Cleveland, Ohio, the 1st electric traffic light was installed.

1926 ~ Harry Houdini performed his greatest feat, while being 91 minutes underwater in a sealed tank before escaping.

1949 ~ The Ambato earthquake in Ecuador destroyed 50 towns and killed over 6,000 people.

1957 ~ American Bandstand show debuted on the ABC television network.

1958 ~ Herbert Hoover eclipsed John Adams as having the longest retirement of any former U.S President until that time. Hoover lived another 6 years, his record 31 years, 7 months &16 days retirement has since been eclipsed by Jimmy Carter.

1960 ~ Burkina Faso (originally known as Upper Volta) became independent from France.

1962 ~ Nelson Mandela was jailed. He wasn’t released until 1990.

1963 ~ A nuclear test ban treaty was signed by the United States, the United Kingdom, and the Soviet Union.

1969 ~ Mariner 7 made its closest fly-by of Mars (3,524 kilometers).

1971 ~ The first Pacific Islands Forum (originally known as the South Pacific Forum) was held in Wellington, New Zealand, with the aim of enhancing cooperation between the independent countries of the Pacific Ocean.

1974 ~ The U.S. Congress placed a $1 billion limit on military aid to South Vietnam during Vietnam War.

1981 ~ President Ronald Reagan fired 11,359 striking air-traffic controllers who ignored his order for them to return to work.

1995 ~ The city of Knin, Croatia, a Serb stronghold, was captured by Croatian forces during Operation Storm during the Yugoslav Wars. The date is celebrated in Croatia as Victory Day.

2010 ~ The Copiapó mining accident occurred, trapping 33 Chilean miners 2,300 ft (700 m) approximately below the ground.

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