28th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 28th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1953: Watson and Crick discover chemical structure of DNA: Cambridge University scientists James D. Watson and Frances H.C. Crick announced that they had determined the double-helix structure of DNA, the molecule containing human genes, on the 28th February 1953. Read more about DNA (Deoxyribonucleic acid) | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

27th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 27th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1827: New Orleanians take to the streets for Mardi Gras: A group of masked and costumed students danced through the streets of New Orleans, Louisiana, marking the beginning of the city’s famous Mardi Gras celebrations on the 27th February 1827. Mardi Gras is also known as Fat Tuesday and Carnival Season and Mardi Gras Season, and refers to events of the Carnival celebrations, beginning on or after the Epiphany or Kings Day and culminating on the day before Ash Wednesday. Mardi Gras is French for Fat Tuesday, referring to the practice of the last night of eating richer, fatty foods before the ritual fasting of the Lenten season, which begins on Ash Wednesday. Read more about Mardi Gras | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

26th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 26th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1919: Two national parks preserved, 10 years apart: Two national parks were established in the United States 10 years apart; the Grand Canyon in 1919 and the Grand Tetons in 1929, on the 26th February. The Grand Canyon is the product of millions of years of excavation by the Colorado River. The chasm drops over a mile into the earth, and is 15 miles across at its widest point. The Grand Canyon is home to more than 1,500 plant species and over 500 animal species, with many of them endangered or unique to the area, and it’s steep, multi-coloured walls which tell the story of 2 billion years of Earth’s history. | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

25th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 25th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1964: Clay knocks out Liston: 22-year-old Cassius Clay (now known as Muhammad Ali) shocked the odds-makers by dethroning world heavyweight boxing champ Sonny Liston in a seventh-round technical knockout on the 25th February 1964. Liston, who had twice beaten former champ Floyd Patterson in one round, was an 8-to-1 favorite. Cassius Clay predicted victory, boasting that he would “float like a butterfly, sting like a bee” and knock out Liston in the 8th round. A few months later Liston failed to answer the seventh-round bell, and Cassius Clay was proclaimed the new heavyweight champion. | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

24th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 24th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1836: Alamo defenders call for help: In San Antonio, Texas, Colonel William Travis issued a call for help on behalf of the Texan troops defending the Alamo, an old Spanish mission and fortress under attack by the Mexican army, on the 24th February 1836. William Travis, a native of Alabama, moved to the Mexican state of Texas in 1831. He soon became a leader of the growing movement to overthrow the Mexican government and establish an independent Texan republic. When the Texas revolution began in 1835, William Travis became a lieutenant-colonel in the revolutionary army and was given command of troops in San Antonio de Bexar. Read more about the Battle of Alamo | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

23rd FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 23rd ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1945: U.S. flag raised on Iwo Jima: During the bloody Battle for Iwo Jima, U.S. Marines from the 3rd Platoon, E Company, 2nd Battalion, 28th Regiment of the 5th Division took the crest of Mount Suribachi, the island’s highest peak and most strategic position, and raised the U.S. flag on the 23rd February 1945. Marine photographer Louis Lowery was with them and photographed the event. American soldiers fighting for control of Suribachi’s slopes cheered the raising of the flag, with more Marines raising a larger flag  several hours later. Joe Rosenthal, a photographer with the Associated Press, met them along the way and recorded the raising of the 2nd flag along with a Marine still photographer and a motion-picture cameraman. | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

22nd FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 22nd ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1980: U.S. hockey team made a miracle on ice on the 22nd February 1980, in one of the most dramatic upsets in Olympic history, when the underdog U.S. hockey team, consisting of college players, defeated the four-time defending gold-medal winning Soviet team at the XIII Olympic Winter Games in Lake Placid, New York. The Soviet squad, known as the finest in the world, fell to the youthful American team 4-3 before a crowd of 10,000 spectators. Two days later, the Americans defeated Finland 4-2 to clinch the hockey gold. | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

21st FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 21st ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1965: Malcolm X, an African American nationalist and religious leader, was assassinated by rival Black Muslims while addressing his Organization of Afro-American Unity at the Audubon Ballroom in Washington Heights, in New York City on the 21st February 1965. Malcolm X was born Malcolm Little in Omaha, Nebraska, in 1925, the son of James Earl Little, a Baptist preacher who advocated the black nationalist ideals of Marcus Garvey. Threats from the Ku Klux Klan forced Malcolm’s family to move to Lansing, Michigan, where his father continued to preach his controversial sermons while still receiving threats. In 1931 Malcolm’s father was brutally murdered by the white supremacist Black Legion, and Michigan authorities refused to prosecute those responsible. In 1937 Malcolm was taken from his family by welfare caseworkers. Read more about Malcolm X  | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

20th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 20th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1985: The Irish government defied the powerful Catholic Church and approved the sale of contraceptives on the 20th February 1985. Up until 1979, Irish law prohibited the importation and sale of contraceptives. In a 1973 case, McGee v. The Attorney General, the Irish Supreme Court found that a constitutional right to marital privacy covered the use of contraceptives. Pressured by strong conservative forces in Irish society, and the Roman Catholic Church, the government was slow to change the law to reflect the court’s decision, and a number of proposed bills failed before reaching the books. | & see more about history on this day in the video… 

19th FEBRUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

February 19th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1847: The 1st rescuers reached the surviving members of the Donner Party, a group of California-bound emigrants stranded by snow in the Sierra Nevada Mountains. In the summer of 1846, 89 people (including 31 members of the Donner and Reed families) set out in a wagon train from Springfield, Illinois. After arriving at Fort Bridger, Wyoming, the emigrants decided to avoid the usual route and go via Hastings Cutoff, a new trail recently blazed by California promoter Lansford Hastings. After electing George Donner as their captain, the party departed Fort Bridger in mid-July.  The so called shortcut set the Donner Party back about 3 weeks, costing them much-needed supplies. They suffered great hardships in the Wasatch Mountains, the Great Salt Lake Desert and along the Humboldt River, before finally reaching the Sierra Nevada Mountains in early October. While camped at Truckee Lake in the high mountains 21 kilometers northwest of Lake Tahoe, an early winter storm blanketed the ground with snow, blocking the mountain pass and trapping the Donner Party| & see more about history on this day in the video…