1054 : SUPERNOVA SN 1054 stellar explosion was seen by the Chinese Song dynasty, Arab, and possibly Amerindian observers near the star Zeta Tauri. For several months it remained bright enough to be seen during the day. Its remnants form the Crab Nebula.
1700s / 18th century history on the 4th of July
1776 : United States DECLARATiON of iNDEPENDENCE was adopted by the Second Continental Congress meeting in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Independence Day aka Fourth of July is the national day of the United States, which is associated with fireworks, parades, family reunions, picnics, barbecues, carnivals, fairs, concerts, baseball games, political speeches, and ceremonies.
1608 : QUéBEC City in Canada was founded by Samuel de Champlain, a French colonist, navigator, cartographer, explorer, geographer, ethnologist, diplomat, draftsman, soldier, and chronicler. Official websites : Quebec.ca | BonjourQuebec.com
1700s / 18th century history on the 3rd of July
1767 : Norway’s oldest newspaper ADRESSEAViSEN was founded with the publishing of the first edition. The 254 year old newspaper is currently still in print, as of 2021. Official website : adressa.no
1566 : NOSTRADAMUS the French astrologer, physician and seer, died due to edema, aged 62 (born in 1503). He made his last prediction on the evening before his death, when he allegedly told his secretary Jean de Chavigny, “You will not find me alive at sunrise.” His prediction proved to be correct when he was reportedly found dead lying on the floor next to his bed, the next morning. He was best known for his book Les Prophéties, which was a collection of 942 poetic quatrains predicting future events.
1770 : LEXELL’s COMET passed closest to Earth than any other comet in recorded history, at a distance of only 0.015 astronomical units, 2.2 million kilometres (1.4 million miles). The comet was discovered by Charles Messier, a French astronomer.
1800s / 19th century history on the 1st of July
1819 : COMET TRALLES aka The Great Comet of 1819 was discovered by Johann Georg Tralles, in Berlin, Germany. The easily viewed brilliant comet was the first comet that was analyzed using polarimetry*by François Arago. *Polarimetry is the measurement and interpretation of the polarization of transverse waves, mostly electromagnetic waves in the form of radio or light waves.
1859 : Charles Blondin the French acrobat walked across Niagara Falls on a tightrope. He successfully crossed 340 metres (1,100 feet) across the Niagara Gorge.
1864 : Abraham Lincoln the U.S. President granted Yosemite Valley to California, for the public to use, as a resort and for recreation.
1886 : The 1st transcontinental train trip across Canada departed from Montreal, in Quebec, on its first journey to Port Moody, in British Columbia. The train arrived there within 4 days, on the 4th of July.
1534 : Jacques Cartier became the 1st European to reach Prince Edward Island, Canada.
1800s / 19th century history on the 29th of June
1888 : SQiZZY TAYLOR the Australian gangster was born Joseph Theodore Patrick Leslie Taylor in Brighton, Victoria, Australia (died in 1927 aged 39).
1900s / 20th century history on the 29th of June
1900 : ANTOiNE de SAiNT- EXUPéRY the French writer and pioneering aviator was born Antoine Marie Jean-Baptiste Roger, comte de Saint-Exupéry in Lyon, France (died in 1944 aged 44). He is best known for his book The Little Prince (Le Petit Prince), and aviation writing of the books Wind, Sand and Stars, and Night Flight.
1491 : HENRY VIII of England was born Henry Tudor in the Palace of Placentia, Greenwich, Kent, England (died in 1547 aged 55). Henry the 8th was best known for his 6 marriages to Catherine of Aragon, Anne Boleyn, Jane Seymour, Anne of Cleves, Catherine Howard, and Catherine Parr.
1800s / 19th century history on the 28th of June
1859 : The first conformation dog show (dog breed show) was held in Newcastle upon Tyne, in England.
1880 : NED KELLY the Australian bushranger, outlaw and gang leader was captured at Glenrowan, Victoria, Australia. He was convicted and sentenced to death by hanging, which was conducted at the Old Melbourne Gaol, about 4 months later on the 11th November. His last words were “Such is life”.
1880 : Helen Keller the American author and disability rights advocate was born in Tuscumbia, Alabama, USA (died in 1968 aged 87).
1895 : The 1st U.S. passenger train to use electric locomotives, with the start of Baltimore and Ohio Railroad’s Royal Blue running from Washington, D.C., to New York City, USA.
1898 : The 1st SOLO CiRCUMNAVATiON of the GLOBE was completed by sailor JOSHUA SLOCUM, with his round trip journey from Briar Island, Nova Scotia. He was the first person to sail single-handedly around the world. In 1899 he published his epic voyage, Sailing Alone Around the World, and the book won him widespread fame. In 1909 Joshua Slocum aged 65 set sail on a usual winter voyage to the West Indies, and was never heard from again, and was declared legally dead in 1924.
1848 : The 1st known photojournalism photograph was taken, when the June Days uprising staged by French workers in Paris, France, was photographed. The black and white photograph featured a street scene showing barricades on rue Saint-Maur during the uprising.
1852 : ANTONi GAUDí the Spanish architect was born Antoni Gaudí i Cornet in Reus or Riudoms, Catalonia, Spain (died in 1926 aged 73). He is best known for designing Park Güell, and the church of the Sagrada Família, in Barcelona. Official websites : SagradaFamilia.org | ParkGuell.barcelona