AUGUST 9th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1974 : Unusual succession made Ford president | & more about history on this day in the video… In accordance with his statement of resignation the previous evening, Richard M. Nixon officially ended his term as the 37th president of the United States . On his departure he raised his arms in a victory / peace salute, as he left with his family in a helicopter from the White House lawn. Richard Nixon was the first U.S. president to resign from office.
MAJOR EVENTS iN HiSTORY ON THiS DAY ~ AUGUST 9th …see the timeline below for more details, births & events…
PEOPLE BORN ON THiS DAY ~ AUGUST 9th …in production …see the timeline below for more details & more events…
DEATHS ON THiS DAY ~ AUGUST 9th ..in production …see the timeline below for more details & more events…
TiMELiNE of HiSTORY ON THiS DAY & PEOPLE BORN on AUGUST 9th
1173 ~ Construction of the campanile of the Leaning Tower of Pisa, (originally known as the Cathedral of Pisa) began, and took 2 centuries to complete.
1483 ~ The Sistine Chapel opened in Rome, with the celebration of a Mass.
1842 ~ The Webster–Ashburton Treaty was signed, which established the United States–Canada border east of the Rocky Mountains.
1854 ~ Henry David Thoreau published Walden, the American book which was first published as Walden; or, Life in the Woods. The book is about simple living in natural surroundings, personal declaration of independence, social experiment, voyage of spiritual discovery, satire, and a manual for self-reliance. It details Thoreau’s experiences over 2 years, 2 months, and 2 days in a cabin he built near Walden Pond, amidst woodland owned by his friend and mentor Ralph Waldo Emerson, near Concord, Massachusetts. The book compresses the time into 1 year, and used passages of 4 seasons to symbolize human development. He immersed himself in nature in a hope to gain a more objective understanding of society through personal introspection, while simple living, self-sufficiency, inspired by transcendentalist philosophy.
1892 ~ Thomas Edison received a patent for a two-way telegraph.
1902 ~ Edward VII and Alexandra of Denmark were crowned King and Queen of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland.
1930 ~ Betty Boop made her cartoon debut in Dizzy Dishes.
1936 ~ Jesse Owens won his 4th gold medal at the 1936 Summer Olympic Games, becoming the 1st American to win 4 medals in one Olympiad.
1942 ~ Indian leader Mahatma Gandhi was arrested in Bombay by British forces, which launched the Quit India Movement.
1944 ~ The United States Forest Service and the Wartime Advertising Council released posters featuring Smokey Bear for the first time.
1945 ~ Nagasaki was devastated when an atomic bomb named Fat Man was dropped by the United States B-29 Bockscar. The bomb killed 39,000 people outright.
1965 ~ Singapore was expelled from Malaysia and became the only country to gain independence unwillingly.
1969 ~ Followers led by Charles Manson murdered pregnant actress Sharon Tate (Roman Polanski’s wife), Abigail Folger (coffee heiress), Wojciech Frykowski (Polish actor), Jay Sebring (men’s hairstylist) and Steven Parent (recent high-school graduate).
1974 ~ Richard Nixon became the first President of the United States to resign from office, as a direct result of the Watergate scandal. His Vice President, Gerald Ford, then became president.
1999 ~ Russian President Boris Yeltsin fired his Prime Minister, Sergei Stepashin, and for the fourth time fired his entire cabinet.