1500s / 16th century history on the 1st of September
1557 : Jacques Cartier, the French explorer, died aged 65 (born in 1491).
1800s / 19th century history on the 1st of September
1804 : Juno, a large asteroid in the main asteroid belt, was discovered by Karl Ludwig Harding, the German astronomer.
1878 : Emma Nutt became the world’s 1st female telephone operator, when she started working at the Edwin Holmes Telephone Despatch aka the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company, in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Emma Nutt was hired by Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the first practical telephone.
1900s / 20th century history on the 1st of September
1914 : The last known passenger pigeon died. The female pigeon named Martha, died in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo, aged 28 to 29. Web pages : Martha, the last Passenger Pigeon ~ Smithsonian | Martha (passenger pigeon) ~ Wikipedia
1931 : Boxcar Willie, the American singer-songwriter, was born Lecil Travis Martin in Ovilla, Texas, USA (died in 1999 aged 67).
1933 : Conway Twitty, the American singer-songwriter, was born Harold Lloyd Jenkins in Friars Point, Mississippi, UDA (died in 1993 aged 59).
1934 : The 1st Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer animated cartoon, The Discontented Canary, was released in colour at movie theatres.
1939 : Lily Tomlin, the American actress and comedian, was born Mary Jean Tomlin in Detroit, Michigan, USA. Official website : LilyTomlin.com
1939 : Adolf Hitler signed the Aktion T4, an order to start the systematic euthanasia of mentally ill and disabled people in Nazi Germany. The mass murder of up to 300,000 people took place from September 1939 until the end of the war in 1945, in psychiatric hospitals in Germany, Austria, Poland and the Czech Republic.
1946 : BARRY GiBB aka Sir Barry Alan Crompton Gibb (CBE) the British-American singer-songwriter, was born in Douglas, Isle of Man. He is best known as the co-founder of the the Bee Gees music group. Official websites : BarryGibb.com | BeeGees.com
1950 : Phil McGraw aka Dr. Phil, the American talk show host, was born in Vinita, Oklahoma, USA. Official website : DrPhil.com
1952 : The Old Man and the Sea, novel by Ernest Hemingway, was published for the first time, in a print run of 50,000 copies. The book won the Pulitzer Prize in 1953.
1957 : Gloria Estefan, Cuban-American singer-songwriter, was born Gloria María Milagrosa Fajardo García in Havana, Cuba.
1965 : Craig McLachlan, the Australian actor, was born in Long Jetty, New South Wales, Australia.
1972 : Bobby Fischer (USA) became the world chess champion, after beating Boris Spassky (Russia), in Reykjavík, Iceland.
1974 : Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird set a record for flying from New York to London, a distance of 5,570 km (3,461 miles) in 1 hour 54 minutes and 56 seconds, at a speed of 2,310 km/h (1,435 miles per hour). The same flight route by the fastest commercial Concorde was 2 hours 52 minutes, and a Boeing 747 takes 6 hours 15 minutes approximately.
1975 : Natalie Bassingthwaighte, the Australian singer-songwriter and actress, was born in Wollongong, New South Wales, Australia. She is the lead singer of the Rogue Traders rock band. Official websites : NatBass.com | RogueTraders.net
1979 : Pioneer 11 NASA space probe became the first spacecraft to flyby Saturn, at a distance of 21,000 kilometres (13,000 miles).
1982 : The United States Air Force Space Command was founded, and remained active for 37 years, until 2019. Official website : AFSPC.af.mil | The AFSPC was re-designated as the United States Space Force : SpaceForce.mil
1985 : The RMS Titanic wreckage was found by a Franco-American expedition led by Jean-Louis Michel and Robert Ballard.
2000s / 21st century history on the 1st of September
2012 : Hal David, the American songwriter, died aged 91 (born in 1921).
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