JULY 19th ~ This Day in History video by History.com ~ 1799 : Rosetta Stone found | & more about history on this day in the video… A French soldier discovered the Rosetta Stone, a black basalt slab inscribed with ancient writing near the town of Rosetta, about 35 miles north of Alexandria, on the 19th July 1799*, during Napoleon Bonaparte’s Egyptian campaign. The irregularly shaped stone contained fragments of passages written in 3 different scripts: Greek, Egyptian hieroglyphics and Egyptian demotic. The Greek passage announced that the three scripts were all of identical meaning. The artifact thus held the key to solving the riddle of hieroglyphics, a written language that had been “dead” for nearly 2,000 years. *(Other records suggest the 15th July 1799)
MAJOR EVENTS iN HiSTORY ON THiS DAY ~ JULY 19th
- 0064 ~ Great Fire of Rome started.
- 1900 ~ Paris Métro railway opened.
- 1903 ~ Tour de France started for the first time.
- 1952 ~ The 1952 Summer Olympics opened in Helsinki, Finland.
- 1983 ~ First 3D reconstruction of a human head CT published.
…see the timeline below for more details & many more events…
PEOPLE BORN ON THiS DAY ~ JULY 19th
- 1834 ~ Edgar Degas ( French painter / died 1917)
- 1947 ~ Brian May (Queen)
- 1947 ~ Bernie Leadon (The Eagles)
- 1952 ~ Allen Collins (Lynyrd Skynyrd)
- 1956 ~ Mark Crispin (IMAP / died 2012)
- 1981 ~ Nikki Osborne (actress)
…see the timeline below for more details & more birth dates and events…
DEATHS ON THiS DAY ~ JULY 19th
- 1543 ~ Mary Boleyn (daughter of Elizabeth Boleyn)
- 1850 ~ Margaret Fuller (journalist & critic)
- 2002 ~ Dave Carter (singer-songwriter / guitarist)
- 2004 ~ Zenkō Suzuki (70th Prime Minister of Japan)
…see the timeline below for more details & more events…
TiMELiNE of HiSTORY ON THiS DAY & PEOPLE BORN on JULY 19th
0064 ~ Great Fire of Rome began to burn in the merchant area of Rome before burning completely out of control.
1543 ~ Mary Boleyn the English daughter of Elizabeth Boleyn (Countess of Wiltshire) died (born 1499).
1545 ~ The Tudor warship Mary Rose sank off Portsmouth. Mary Rose wreck was salvaged in 1982, in one of the most complicated and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
1834 ~ Edgar Degas the French painter was born (died 1917).
1843 ~ Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain was launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller, and became the largest vessel afloat in the world.
1848 ~ The Women’s Rights Convention opened in Seneca Falls, New York.
1850 ~ Margaret Fuller the American journalist and critic died (born 1810).
1870 ~ Franco-Prussian War: France declares war on Prussia.
1883 ~ Max Fleischer the Austrian-American animator and producer was born (died 1972).
1900 ~ The first line of the Paris Métro railway opened.
1903 ~ Maurice Garin won the first Tour de France.
1919 ~ Following Peace Day celebrations at the end of World War I, ex-servicemen started a riot and burnt down Luton Town Hall.
1943 ~ Rome was heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, causing thousands of casualties.
1947 ~ Brian May the English singer-songwriter and guitarist from Queen was born.
1947 ~ Bernie Leadon the American guitarist and songwriter from The Eagles was born.
1948 ~ Keith Godchaux the American keyboard player and songwriter from Grateful Dead was born (died 1980).
1952 ~ The 1952 Summer Olympics were opened in Helsinki, Finland. Officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad.
1952 ~ Allen Collins the American guitarist and songwriter from Lynyrd Skynyrd was born.
1956 ~ Mark Crispin the American computer scientist and designer of the IMAP was born (died 2012).
1963 ~ Joe Walker flew a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 meters (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Joe Walker exceeded an altitude of 100 km, which qualified this flight as a human spaceflight under international convention.
1981 ~ U.S. President Ronald Reagan in a private meeting with French Prime Minister François Mitterrand revealed the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing that the Soviets had been stealing American technological research and development.
1981 ~ Nikki Osborne the Australian actress was born.
1983 ~ The first three-dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT was published.
1985 ~ The Val di Stava dam Val di Stava, Italy, collapsed and killed 268 people.
1989 ~ United Flight 232 crashed in Sioux City, Iowa killing 112 people.
2002 ~ Dave Carter the American singer-songwriter and guitarist from Dave Carter and Tracy Grammer died (born 1952).
2004 ~ Zenkō Suzuki the Japanese politician and 70th Prime Minister of Japan died (born 1911).
…more in production