1st century history on the 19th of July
64 AD : Great Fire of Rome began to burn in the merchant area of Rome, in Italy, and burnt completely out of control, for many days, until the fire was brought under control after 6 days. The fire destroyed two thirds of Rome.
1500s / 16th century history on the 19th of July
1545 : Mary Rose the Tudor warship sank off Portsmouth. Mary Rose was the warship of the English Tudor navy of King Henry VIII. The wreck was salvaged in 1982, in one of the most complicated and expensive projects in the history of maritime archaeology.
1800s / 19th century history on the 19th of July
1834 : Edgar Degas the French painter was born Hilaire-Germain-Edgar De Gas in Paris, France (died in 1917 aged 83). He is a famous French Impressionist artist best known for his oil paintings and pastel drawings.
1843 : Brunel’s steamship the SS Great Britain was launched, becoming the first ocean-going craft with an iron hull or screw propeller, and became the largest vessel afloat in the world.
1848 : The Women’s Rights Convention opened in Seneca Falls, New York.
1850 : Margaret Fuller the American journalist and critic died aged 40, due to a shipping accident near Fire Island, New York, USA (born in 1810).
1870 : France declared war on Prussia, which became known as the Franco-Prussian War.
1883 : Max Fleischer the Austrian-American animator and producer was born Majer Fleischer in Kraków, Austrian Poland (died in 1972 aged 89). He is best known as the pioneer of the development of animated cartoons.
1900s / 20th century history on the 19th of July
1900 : The Paris Métro railway’s first line opened.
1903 : The 1st Tour de France was won by Maurice Garin.
1943 : Rome was heavily bombed by more than 500 Allied aircraft, which caused thousands of deaths.
1947 : Brian May the English singer-songwriter and guitarist was born in Hampton, London, England. He is best known as the lead guitarist of Queen, the rock band. Official website : BrianMay.com
1947 : Bernie Leadon the American guitarist and founding member of The Eagles was born in the United States.
1948 : Keith Godchaux the American keyboard player was born in Seattle, Washington (died in 1980 aged 32). He was best known as a member of the Grateful Dead rock band.
1952 : The 1952 Summer Olympics were opened in Helsinki, Finland. Officially known as the Games of the XV Olympiad.
1952 : Allen Collins the American guitarist was born Larkin Allen Collins, Jr. in Jacksonville, Florida, USA (died in 1990 aged 37) He was best known as one of the guitarists, songwriters, and founding members the Lynyrd Skynyrd rock band.
1956 : Mark Crispin the American computer scientist and designer of the IMAP was born (died in 2012 aged 56). IMAP = Internet Message Access Protocol : an Internet standard protocol which is used by email clients to access email messages from a mail server over a TCP and IP connections.
1963 : Joe Walker flew a North American X-15 to a record altitude of 106,010 meters (347,800 feet) on X-15 Flight 90. Joe Walker exceeded an altitude of 100 km, which qualified this flight as a human spaceflight under international convention.
1971 : Catriona Rowntree the Australian television host was born in Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.
1976 : Sagarmatha National Park in Nepal is created. Sagarmatha National Park is a protected area in the Himalayas, which is dominated by many tall snow-capped mountains, including Mount Everest, the tallest mountain in the world.
1976 : Benedict Cumberbatch (CBE) the English actor was born in Hammersmith, London, England.
1977 : The world’s first GPS (Global Positioning System) signal was transmitted, from Navigation Technology Satellite 2 and received at Rockwell Collins in Cedar Rapids, Iowa, USA.
1981 : U.S. President Ronald Reagan in a private meeting with French Prime Minister François Mitterrand revealed the existence of the Farewell Dossier, a collection of documents showing that the Soviets had been stealing American technological research and development.
1980 : Summer Olympics in Moscow opening.
1980 : Nikki Osborne the Australian comedian and actress was born in Redcliffe, Queensland, Australia. She is best known as the host of Quizmania on the Nine Network from 2006 to 2007, and I’m a Celebrity…Get Me Out of Here! in 2020.
1983 : The 1st 3-Dimensional reconstruction of a human head in a CT were published.
1985 : The Val di Stava dam Val di Stava, Italy, collapsed and killed 268 people.
1989 : United Flight 232 crashed in Sioux City, Iowa, USA, resulting in the deaths of 112 of the 296 people on the aircraft.
2000s / 21st century history on the 19th of July
2004 : Zenkō Suzuki the 70th Prime Minister of Japan died aged 93 (born in:1911).
2014 : James Garner the American actor died aged 86 (born in 1928). He was best known as Bret Maverick in Maverick in the 1950s western series, and as detective Jim Rockford in The Rockford Files in the 1970s.
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This page was last updated on the 20th July 2021
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