100 BC : Julius Caesar the Roman general and statesman was born Gaius Julius Caesar in Rome, Italy (died in 44 BC aged 55).
1500s / 16th century history on the 12th of July
1543 : King Henry VIII of England married Catherine Parr, his 6th and last wife, at Hampton Court Palace, in the London Borough of Richmond upon Thames, London. Catherine Parr was the most-married English queen, with a total of marriages, and she was the first woman to publish under her own name in England (in English).
1700s / 86th century history on the 12th of July
1776 : Captain James Cook started his 3rd and final voyage, on a the route from Plymouth via Cape Town and Tenerife to New Zealand and the Hawaiian Islands, and along the North American coast to the Bering Strait. Captain Cook was attacked and killed in 1779 during the exploratory voyage in the Pacific, on an island of Hawaii, Kalaniʻōpuʻu.
1800s / 19th century history on the 12th of July
1817 : Henry David Thoreau the American writer and philosopher was born in Concord, Massachusetts, USA (died in 1862 aged 44). He is best known for his book Walden, which is a reflection on simple living in natural surroundings, and also his essay Civil Disobedience (originally Resistance to Civil Government) an argument for disobedience to an unjust state.
1862 : The Medal of Honor was authorized by the United States Congress.
1895 : Oscar Hammerstein II the American theatrical producer was born Oscar Greeley Clendenning Hammerstein II in New York City, USA (died in 1960 aged 65).
1900s / 20th century history on the 12th of July
1907 : Colonel Sir Ernest Edward Dunlop (AC, CMG, OBE) aka Weary, the Australian surgeon was born in Wangaratta, Victoria (died in 1993 aged 85).
1908 : Milton Berle the American comedian and actor was born Mendel Berlinger in New York City, USA (died in 2002 aged 93).
1937 : Bill Cosby the American actor and comedian was born William Henry Cosby Jr. in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA.
1943 : Christine McVie the English singer-songwriter and keyboard player was born Christine Anne Perfect in Bouth, Lancashire, England. She is best known as one of the 3 lead singers and the keyboard player in Fleetwood Mac.
1948 : Richard Simmons the American fitness personality was born Milton Teagle Simmons in New Orleans, Louisiana, USA. Official website : RichardSimmons.com
1950 : Eric Carr the American drummer from Kiss was born Paul Charles Caravello in Brooklyn, New York, USA (died in 1991 aged 41). Official website : EricCarr.com
1951 : Cheryl Ladd the American actress was born Cheryl Jean Stoppelmoor in Huron, South Dakota, USA. She is best known as Kris Munroe in the Charlie’s Angels television series from 1977 to 1981.
1962 : The Rolling Stones performed for the 1st time, at the Marquee Club, London.
1971 : The Australian Aboriginal Flag was flown for the first time.
1973 : Fire destroyed the whole 6th floor of the National Personnel Records Center of the United States.
1986 : 360 the Australian rapper was born Matthew James Colwell in Melbourne, Victoria, Australia. Official website : 360music.com.au
2000s / 21st century history on the 12th of July
2001 : Space Shuttle Atlantis was launched on mission STS-104, to the International Space Station, carrying the Quest Joint Airlock, during the Space Shuttle program.
2007 : Stan Zemanek the Australian radio and television host died from an aggressive brain tumour, aged 60 (born in 1947).
2013 : Brétigny-sur-Orge train crash in France, resulted in the death of 7 people and 32 injured on board, when the train derailed and hit the station platform.
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This page was last updated on the 14th July 2021
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