1565 ~ Rio de Janeiro was founded.

1642 ~ The city of Georgeana, Massachusetts became the 1st incorporated city in USA, and is now known as York, Maine.

1692 ~ Sarah Good, Sarah Osborne and Tituba were brought before local magistrates in Salem Village, Massachusetts, in what later became known as the Salem witch trials.

1790 ~ The first United States census was authorized.

1796 ~ The Dutch East India Company was nationalized by the Batavian Republic.

1815 ~ Napoleon returned to France from his banishment on Elba.

1867 ~ Nebraska became the 37th U.S. state. Lancaster, Nebraska was renamed Lincoln and became the state capital.

1869 ~ Dmitri Mendeleev finished his design of the 1st periodic table and sent it to be published.

1872 ~ Yellowstone National Park was established as the world’s 1st national park.

1873 ~ E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York began production of the 1st practical typewriter.

1881 ~ The 1st Minnesota State Capitol was destroyed by fire.

1893 ~ Nikola Tesla the electrical engineer gave the 1st public demonstration of radio, in St. Louis, Missouri.

1896 ~ Henri Becquerel discovered radioactive decay.

1901 ~ The Australian Army was formed, with the amalgamation of the 6 separate colonial military forces.

1910 ~ The worst avalanche in USA history buried a Great Northern Railway train in northeastern King County, Washington, and killed 96 people.

1914 ~ The Republic of China joined the Universal Postal Union.

1917 ~ The Zimmermann Telegram was reprinted in newspapers across USA after the government released its unencrypted text.

1921 ~ The Australian cricket team became the 1st team to complete a whitewash of The Ashes, and wasn’t repeated until 86 years later. The team was captained by Warwick Armstrong.

1932 ~ Charles Lindbergh’s son was kidnapped. Charles Lindbergh III, the 20-month-old son of aviation hero Charles Lindbergh, was kidnapped from the family’s new mansion in Hopewell, New Jersey on the 1st March 1932. Lindbergh was well known making  the first solo flight across the Atlantic Ocean in 1927. His wife Anne discovered a ransom note demanding $50,000 in their son’s empty room. The kidnapper used a ladder to climb up to the open second-floor window, leaving muddy footprints in the room.

1936 ~ The Hoover Dam was completed, in the Black Canyon of the Colorado River, between the border of Nevada and Arizona, USA.

1946 ~ The Bank of England was nationalised.

1947 ~ The International Monetary Fund began financial operations.

1954 ~ The Castle Bravo 15-megaton hydrogen bomb was detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, during nuclear weapons testing, causing the worst radioactive contamination caused by USA.

1956 ~ The Radiotelephony spelling alphabet final draft for the International Civil Aviation Organization was completed for the International Air Transport Association.

1961 ~ The Peace Corps were established by United States President John F. Kennedy.

1961 ~ Uganda became self-governing and held the 1st election.

1964 ~ Villarrica Volcano began a strombolian eruption, which caused lahars that destroyed half of the town of Coñaripe.

1966 ~ Venera 3 Soviet space probe crashed on Venus, and became the 1st spacecraft to land on another planet’s surface.

1983 ~ The 1st collection of twelve Swatch models were introduced in Zürich, Switzerland.

1990 ~ Steve Jackson Games was raided by the United States Secret Service, which prompted the Electronic Frontier Foundation to be formed later.

1992 ~ Bosnia and Herzegovina declared independence from Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.

1998 ~ Titanic became the 1st film to gross over $1 billion worldwide.

2002 ~ U.S. invasion of Afghanistan began with the start of Operation Anaconda in eastern Afghanistan.

2002 ~ The Envisat environmental satellite successfully reached an orbit 800 kilometers (500 miles) above the Earth on the 11th launch, while carrying the heaviest payload recorded, 8500 kilograms (8.5 tons).

2003 ~ The International Criminal Court held the  inaugural session in The Hague.

2005 ~ Roper v. Simmons in the U.S. Supreme Court ruled the execution of juveniles found guilty of murder as unconstitutional.

2006 ~ Wikipedia uploaded the 1 millionth article. The page was about Jordanhill railway station.

2007 ~ Tornadoes across the southern United States killed approximately 20 people, including 8 at Enterprise High School.

2014 ~ Kunming Railway Station mass stabbing in China, resulted in 29 deaths and 130 people injured.

Today in History for March 1st (Associated Press video)