1800s / 19th century history on the 4th of September
1888 : George Eastman registered Kodak and received a patent for the 1st roll-film camera. His invention created amateur photography, as a recreation, because the earlier photographic equipment was too cumbersome. Official website : Kodak.com
1824 : Anton Bruckner, the Austrian composer, was born in Ansfelden, Linz, Austria (died in 1896 aged 72) .
1900s / 20th century history on the 4th of September
1600s / 17th century history on the 3rd of September
1658 : Oliver Cromwell, the English general and statesman, died from malaria and kidney stone disease, aged 59 (born in 1599).
1666 : The Royal Exchange burnt down during the Great Fire of London. It was rebuilt, and opened in 1669, and burnt down again in 1838. The Royal Exchange as it still stands today was rebuilt and opened in 1844. Official website : TheRoyalExchange.co.uk
1900s / 20th century history on the 3rd of September
1935 : Sir Malcolm Campbell became the 1st person to drive over 300 miles per hour in an automobile, averaging a top speed of 301.3 miles per hour (484 km/h) in the Campbell-Railton Blue Bird, on the Bonneville Salt Flats in Utah, USA.
1600s / 17th century history on the 2nd of September
1666 : The Great Fire of London broke out of control, and swept through central London in 3 days. The fire destroyed 13,200 houses, 87 parish churches, St Paul’s Cathedral, and most of the buildings of the City authorities. Approximately 85% of the city inhabitants became homeless.
1700s / 18th century history on the 2nd of September
1789 : The United States Department of the Treasury was founded. Official website : home.treasury.gov
1800s / 19th century history on the 2nd of September
1500s / 16th century history on the 1st of September
1557 : Jacques Cartier, the French explorer, died aged 65 (born in 1491).
1800s / 19th century history on the 1st of September
1804 : Juno, a large asteroid in the main asteroid belt, was discovered by Karl Ludwig Harding, the German astronomer.
1878 : Emma Nutt became the world’s 1st female telephone operator, when she started working at the Edwin Holmes Telephone Despatch aka the Boston Telephone Dispatch Company, in Boston, Massachusetts, USA. Emma Nutt was hired by Alexander Graham Bell, the inventor of the first practical telephone.
1900s / 20th century history on the 1st of September
1800s / 19th century history on the 27th of August
1883 : The eruption of the Krakatoa volcano in in the in Indonesia, destroyed 70% of the island of Krakatoa, and the surrounding archipelago. The eruption resulted in the deaths of 36,417 people. It was one of the deadliest and most destructive volcanic events in recorded history. The explosions were heard over 3,000 kilometres (1,865 miles) away in Perth, Western Australia.
1890 : Man Ray, the American visual artist, was born Emmanuel Radnitzky in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, USA (died in 1976 aged 86).
79 AD : Mount Vesuvius stratovolcano erupted in southern Italy, and buried the Roman settlements of Pompeii, Herculaneum, Oplontis and Stabiae. It was the most famous eruption, and one of the deadliest eruptions in European history. Official Pompeii websites : PompeiiSites.org | PompeiOnline.net
1900s / 20th century history on the 24th of August
1929 : Yasser Arafat, the 1st President of the Palestinian National Authority, was born Mohammed Abdel Rahman Abdel Raouf al-Qudwa al-Husseini in Cairo, Egypt (died in 2004 aged 75).
1932 : Amelia Earhart became the 1st woman to fly non-stop across the United States, from the West coast in Los Angeles to the East coast in Newark, New Jersey.
1693 : Dom Perignon invented Champagne. This date is traditionally regarded as the day champagne was invented, and Dom Perignon is credited as the innovator for developing the techniques that were used to perfect sparkling wine.
1700s / 18th century history on the 4th of August
1783 : Mount Asama erupted in Japan, resulting in the deaths of about 1,400 people. The volcano eruption also caused a famine, which subsequently resulted in the deaths of another 20,000 people.
1821 : The Saturday Evening Post was published for the 1st time as a weekly newspaper, by Atkinson & Alexander published.