1st of JANUARY ~ HiSTORY ON THiS DAY

TODAY iN HiSTORY ViDEO for JANUARY 1st: Castro seized power in Cuba | Abraham Lincoln signed emancipation proclamation | Ellis Island opened | Hank Williams Sr. died…

MAJOR EVENTS iN HiSTORY ON THiS DAY ~ 1st of JANUARY

…see the timeline below for more details & many more events…

PEOPLE BORN ON THiS DAY ~ JANUARY 1st… 

Pope Alexander VI (1431)
Norman Yemm (1933)
Martin Plaza (1956)
Grandmaster Flash (1958)
Spencer Tunick (1967)
Verne Troyer (1969)
Nicolle Dickson (1969)
Naughty Boy (1985)

see the timeline below for more people born on the 1st January… 

TiMELiNE of HiSTORY ON THiS DAY & PEOPLE BORN on JANUARY 1st…

45BC ~ The Julian Calendar took effect for the first time on the 1st January 45BC. The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), a reform of the Roman calendar. The Julian Calendar took effect in 45 BC (709 AUC), and was the predominant calendar in most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until superseded by the Gregorian calendar.

42BC – The Roman Senate posthumously deified Julius Caesar on the 1st January 42BC.

1431 – Pope Alexander VI was born on the 1st January 1431 (died 1503).

1502 – The present-day location of Rio de JaneiroBrazil was 1st explored by the Portuguese on the 1st January 1502.

1522Republic of Venice began its numbered year on January 1st 1522.

1544 ~ Holy Roman Empire (Germany) began its numbered year on January 1st 1544.

1556 ~ SpainPortugal began its numbered year on January 1st 1556.

1559 ~ PrussiaSweden began its numbered year on January 1st 1559.

1564 ~ France began its numbered year on January 1st 1564.

1576 ~ Southern Netherlands began its numbered year on January 1st 1576.

1579 ~ Lorraine began its numbered year on January 1st 1579.

1583 ~ United Provinces of the Netherlands (northern) began its numbered year on January 1st 1583.

1600 – Scotland began its numbered year on January 1st instead of March 25th, on the 1st  January 1600.

1618 – Bartolomé Esteban Murillo the Spanish painter was born on the 1st January 1618 (died 1682).

1700 ~ Russia began its numbered year on January 1st 1700.

1721 ~ Tuscany began its numbered year on January 1st 1721.

1752 ~ Great Britain (excluding Scotland) and its colonies began its numbered year on January 1st 1752.

1772 – The first traveler’s cheques  went on sale in London, England on the 1st January 1772, which could be used in 90 European cities.

1773 – The Amazing Grace hymn, then titled “1 Chronicles 17:16–17” was first used to accompany a sermon led by John Newton in the town of Olney in England on the 1st January 1773.

1779 ~ William Clowes the English printer was born in ChichesterSussex on the 1st January 1779 (died 1847 aged 68). William Clowes developed the use of steam powered printing presses , and founded the printing firm which became William Clowes Ltd. in London in 1803.

1788 – The 1st edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, was published on the 1st January 1788.

1801 – The legislative union of Kingdom of Great Britain and Kingdom of Ireland was completed to form the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland on the 1st January 1801.

1801 – The dwarf planet Ceres was discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi on the 1st January 1801.

1804 – French rule ended in Haiti on the 1st January 1804, becoming the first black republic and second independent country in North America after the United States.

1808 – The importation of slaves into the United States was banned on the 1st January 1808.

1833 – The United Kingdom claimed sovereignty over the Falkland Islands on the 1st January 1833.

1833 – Robert Lawson the New Zealand architect and designer of the Otago Boys’ High School and Knox Church was born on the 1st January 1833 (died 1902).

1845 – The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn was completed on the 1st January 1845.

1847 – The world’s first “Mercy” Hospital was founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Sisters of Mercy on the 1st January 1847. The name went on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.

1860 – First Polish stamp was issued on the 1st January 1860.

1860 – John Cassidy the Irish sculptor and painter was born on the 1st January 1860 (died 1939).

1860 – Jan Vilímek the Czech illustrator and painter was born on the 1st January 1860 (died 1938).

1863 – The Emancipation Proclamation (executive order) was issued by President Abraham Lincoln on the 1st January 1863, during the American Civil War.

1864 – Qi Baishi the Chinese painter was born on the 1st January 1864 (died 1957).

1864 – Alfred Stieglitz the American photographer was born on the 1st January 1864 (died 1946).

1873 – Japan began using the Gregorian calendar on the 1st January 1873.

1879 – William Fox the Hungarian-American film producer and founder of the Fox Film Corporation and Fox Theatres was born on the 1st January 1879 (died 1952).

1879 – E. M. Forster the English author was born on the 1st January 1879 (died 1970).

1890 – Anton Melik the Slovenian geographer was born on the 1st January 1890 (died 1966).

1892 – Ellis Island opened on the 1st January 1892, to begin processing immigrants into the United States.

1894 – The Manchester Ship Canal in England was officially opened to traffic on the 1st January 1894.

1898 – New York annexed land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York on the 1st January 1898. The four initial boroughs, ManhattanBrooklynQueens, and The Bronx, were joined on the 25th January by Staten Island to create the modern city of 5 boroughs.

1899 – Spanish rule ended in Cuba on the 1st January 1899.

1901 – The British colonies of New South WalesQueenslandVictoriaSouth AustraliaTasmania and Western Australia federated as the Commonwealth of Australia on the 1st January 1901.

1901 ~ Edmund Barton was appointed the 1st Prime Minister of Australia on the 1st January 1901.

1908 – A ball was dropped in New York’s Times Square for the first time on the 1st January 1908, to signify the start of the New Year at midnight.

1908Eileen Alannah Joyce the Australian pianist was born on the 1st January 1908 (died 1991). A 1950 biography of Eileen Joyce’s early life became a best-seller book, and a feature film Wherever She Goes in 1951.

1908 – Bill Tapia the American singer and guitarist was born on the 1st January 1908 (died 2011).

1911 – Northern Territory was separated from South Australia and transferred to Commonwealth control on the 1st January 1911.

1912 – The Republic of China was established on the 1st January 1912.

1913 – The British Board of Censors was established on the 1st January 1913.

1917 – Jule Gregory Charney the American meteorologist was born on the 1st January 1917 (died 1981).

1920 – Osvaldo Cavandoli the Italian cartoonist was born on the 1st January 1920 (died 2007).

1921 – César Baldaccini the French sculptor was born on the 1st January 1921 (died 1998).

1922 – Jerry Robinson the American illustrator was born on the 1st January 1922 (died 2011).

1923 – Milt Jackson the American vibraphonist and composer from the Modern Jazz Quartet was born on the 1st January 1923 (died 1999).

1930 – Jean-Pierre Duprey the French poet and sculptor was born on the 1st January 1930 (died 1959).

1933 – Norman Yemm the Australian actor was born on the 1st January 1933.

1934 – Alcatraz Island became a United States federal prison on the 1st January 1934.

1935 – B. Kliban the American cartoonist was born on the 1st January 1935 (died 1990).

1936 – James Sinegal the American businessman and co-founder of Costco was born on the 1st January 1936.

1937 – Safety glass in vehicle windscreens became mandatory in the United Kingdom on the 1st January 1937.

1939 – Sydney, Australia, sweltered in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat on the 1st January 1939, a record for Sydney city.

1942 – Judy Stone the Australian singer was born on the 1st January 1942.

1942 – Gennadi Sarafanov the Russian astronaut was born on the 1st January 1942 (died 2005).

1946 – Alain Voss the Brazilian-French illustrator was born on the 1st January 1946 (died 2011).

1948 – Joe Petagno the American illustrator was born on the 1st January 1948.

1950 – Morgan Fisher the English keyboard player and songwriter from Mott the Hoople was born on the 1st January 1950.

1953 – Hank Williams the American singer-songwriter and guitarist from the Drifting Cowboys died on the 1st January 1953 (born 1923).

1954 – NBC made the first coast-to-coast NTSC color broadcast on the 1st January 1954, when it telecast the Tournament of Roses Parade, with public demonstrations given across the United States on prototype color receivers.

1954 – Richard Edson the American drummer from Sonic Youth was born on the 1st January 1954.

1956Martin Plaza (Martin Murphy) the Australian singer, songwriter and guitarist, also known as a member of Mental As Anything, was born on the 1st January 1956. 

1956 – Sergei Avdeyev the Russian astronaut was born on the 1st January 1956.

1956 – Mark R. Hughes the American businessman and founder of Herbalife was born on the 1st January 1956 (died 2000).

1956 – A new year event caused panic and stampedes at Yahiko ShrineYahiko, Niigata, Japan on the 1st January 1956, killing at least 124 people.

1958 – Grandmaster Flash the Barbadian rapper from Grandmaster Flash and the Furious Five was born on the 1st January 1958.

1959 – Fulgencio Batista the dictator of Cuba was overthrown by Fidel Castro‘s forces on the 1st January 1959, during the Cuban Revolution.

1960 – Cameroon achieved independence from France and the United Kingdom on the 1st January 1960.

1962 – United States Navy SEALs was established on the 1st January 1962.

1962 – Anton Muscatelli the Italian conomist was born on the 1st January 1962.

1963 – Camila Batmanghelidjh the British businesswoman was born on the 1st January 1963.

1967 – Spencer Tunick the American photographer was born on the 1st January 1967.

1969 – Verne Troyer the American actor was born on the 1st January 1969.

1969 – Nicolle Dickson the Australian actress was born on the 1st January 1969.

1970 – Unix time began at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT on the 1st January 1970.

1971 – Cigarette advertisements were banned on American television on the 1st January 1971.

1975 – Eiichiro Oda the Japanese illustrator was born on the 1st January 1975.

1979 – Brody Dalle the Australian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist was born on the 1st January 1979.

1980 – Richie Faulkner the British guitarist from Judas Priest was born on the 1st January 1980.

1980 – Victoria was crowned princess of Sweden on the 1st January 1980.

1981 – Greece was admitted into the European Community on the 1st January 1981.

1983 – The ARPANET officially changed to using the Internet Protocol on the 1st January 1983.

1985 – The Internet’s Domain Name System was created on the 1st January 1985.

1985 – The first British mobile phone call was made by Ernie Wise to Vodafone on the 1st January 1985.

1985Naughty Boy the British songwriter, record producer and musician was born Shahid Khan on the 1st January 1985. YouTube video: La La La – Naughty Boy song (2013)..

1990 – David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City’s first black mayor on the 1st January 1990.

1992 – Russia was officially formed on the 1st January 1992.

1993 – Czechoslovakia was divided into Slovakia and the Czech Republic on the 1st January 1993, in the Dissolution of Czechoslovakia.

1995 – The World Trade Organization went into effect on the 1st January 1995.

1995 – Sweden, Austria, and Finland were admitted into the European Union on the 1st January 1995.

1995 – The Draupner wave in the North Sea in Norway was detected on the 1st January 1995, confirming the existence of freak waves.

1998 – Russia began to circulate new rubles to stem inflation and promote confidence on the 1st January 1998.

1998 – The European Central Bank was established on the 1st January 1998.

1999 – The Euro currency was introduced in 11 countries on the 1st January 1999, to members of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden).

2002 – Euro banknotes and coins became legal tender in 12 of the European Union’s member states on the 1st January 2002.

2008 – Cyprus and Malta join the Eurozone on the 1st January 2008.

2009 – Slovakia joined the Eurozone on the 1st January 2009.

2009 – 66 died in the Santika Nightclub fire in Bangkok, Thailand on the 1st January 2009.

2011Oprah Winfrey launched the OWN cable TV network on the 1st January 2011.

2011 – Estonia joined the Eurozone on the 1st January 2011.

2012 – Kim Jong-un was officially declared the new Supreme Leader of North Korea on the 1st January 2012. 

2014 ~ Latvia joined the Eurozone on the 1st January 2014.

news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/hi/dates/stories/january/1

learning.blogs.nytimes.com/on-this-day/January-1/