TODAY iN HiSTORY ViDEO for JANUARY 1st: Castro seized power in Cuba | Abraham Lincoln signed emancipation proclamation | Ellis Island opened | Hank Williams Sr. died…
MAJOR EVENTS iN HiSTORY ON THiS DAY ~ 1st of JANUARY
- 45BC ~ The Julian Calendar began…
- 1772 ~ The 1st traveler’s cheques…
- 1801 ~ Dwarf planet Ceres discovered…
- 1863 ~ Emancipation Proclamation issued by Abraham Lincoln…
- 1892 ~ Ellis Island opened…
- 1934 ~ Alcatraz Island became a prison…
- 1953 ~ Hank Williams died…
- 1954 ~ NBC made 1st coast-to-coast color broadcast…
- 1959 ~ Fulgencio Batista overthrown by Fidel Castro…
- 1970 ~ Unix time began at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT…
- 1971 ~ Cigarette advertisements banned on American TV…
- 1985 ~ Domain Name System created…
- 1985 ~ 1st British mobile phone call made by Ernie Wise…
- 1992 ~ Russia officially formed…
- 1993 ~ Czechoslovakia divided into Slovakia & Czech Republic…
- 1999 ~ Euro currency introduced in 11 countries…
- 2011 ~ Oprah Winfrey launched OWN cable TV network…
- 2012 ~ Kim Jong-un declared new Supreme Leader…
…see the timeline below for more details & many more events…
PEOPLE BORN ON THiS DAY ~ JANUARY 1st…
see the timeline below for more people born on the 1st January…
TiMELiNE of HiSTORY ON THiS DAY & PEOPLE BORN on JANUARY 1st…
45BC ~ The Julian Calendar took effect for the first time on the 1st January 45BC. The Julian calendar was introduced by Julius Caesar in 46 BC (708 AUC), a reform of the Roman calendar. The Julian Calendar took effect in 45 BC (709 AUC), and was the predominant calendar in most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until superseded by the Gregorian calendar.
1431 – Pope Alexander VI was born on the 1st January 1431 (died 1503).
1522 ~ Republic of Venice began its numbered year on January 1st 1522.
1564 ~ France began its numbered year on January 1st 1564.
1576 ~ Southern Netherlands began its numbered year on January 1st 1576.
1579 ~ Lorraine began its numbered year on January 1st 1579.
1600 – Scotland began its numbered year on January 1st instead of March 25th, on the 1st January 1600.
1618 – Bartolomé Esteban Murillo the Spanish painter was born on the 1st January 1618 (died 1682).
1700 ~ Russia began its numbered year on January 1st 1700.
1721 ~ Tuscany began its numbered year on January 1st 1721.
1779 ~ William Clowes the English printer was born in Chichester, Sussex on the 1st January 1779 (died 1847 aged 68). William Clowes developed the use of steam powered printing presses , and founded the printing firm which became William Clowes Ltd. in London in 1803.
1788 – The 1st edition of The Times of London, previously The Daily Universal Register, was published on the 1st January 1788.
1808 – The importation of slaves into the United States was banned on the 1st January 1808.
1833 – The United Kingdom claimed sovereignty over the Falkland Islands on the 1st January 1833.
1847 – The world’s first “Mercy” Hospital was founded in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania by the Sisters of Mercy on the 1st January 1847. The name went on to grace over 30 major hospitals throughout the world.
1860 – First Polish stamp was issued on the 1st January 1860.
1860 – John Cassidy the Irish sculptor and painter was born on the 1st January 1860 (died 1939).
1860 – Jan Vilímek the Czech illustrator and painter was born on the 1st January 1860 (died 1938).
1864 – Qi Baishi the Chinese painter was born on the 1st January 1864 (died 1957).
1864 – Alfred Stieglitz the American photographer was born on the 1st January 1864 (died 1946).
1879 – E. M. Forster the English author was born on the 1st January 1879 (died 1970).
1890 – Anton Melik the Slovenian geographer was born on the 1st January 1890 (died 1966).
1892 – Ellis Island opened on the 1st January 1892, to begin processing immigrants into the United States.
1898 – New York annexed land from surrounding counties, creating the City of Greater New York on the 1st January 1898. The four initial boroughs, Manhattan, Brooklyn, Queens, and The Bronx, were joined on the 25th January by Staten Island to create the modern city of 5 boroughs.
1908 ~ Eileen Alannah Joyce the Australian pianist was born on the 1st January 1908 (died 1991). A 1950 biography of Eileen Joyce’s early life became a best-seller book, and a feature film Wherever She Goes in 1951.
1908 – Bill Tapia the American singer and guitarist was born on the 1st January 1908 (died 2011).
1912 – The Republic of China was established on the 1st January 1912.
1913 – The British Board of Censors was established on the 1st January 1913.
1917 – Jule Gregory Charney the American meteorologist was born on the 1st January 1917 (died 1981).
1920 – Osvaldo Cavandoli the Italian cartoonist was born on the 1st January 1920 (died 2007).
1921 – César Baldaccini the French sculptor was born on the 1st January 1921 (died 1998).
1922 – Jerry Robinson the American illustrator was born on the 1st January 1922 (died 2011).
1930 – Jean-Pierre Duprey the French poet and sculptor was born on the 1st January 1930 (died 1959).
1933 – Norman Yemm the Australian actor was born on the 1st January 1933.
1934 – Alcatraz Island became a United States federal prison on the 1st January 1934.
1935 – B. Kliban the American cartoonist was born on the 1st January 1935 (died 1990).
1937 – Safety glass in vehicle windscreens became mandatory in the United Kingdom on the 1st January 1937.
1939 – Sydney, Australia, sweltered in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat on the 1st January 1939, a record for Sydney city.
1942 – Judy Stone the Australian singer was born on the 1st January 1942.
1942 – Gennadi Sarafanov the Russian astronaut was born on the 1st January 1942 (died 2005).
1946 – Alain Voss the Brazilian-French illustrator was born on the 1st January 1946 (died 2011).
1948 – Joe Petagno the American illustrator was born on the 1st January 1948.
1954 – NBC made the first coast-to-coast NTSC color broadcast on the 1st January 1954, when it telecast the Tournament of Roses Parade, with public demonstrations given across the United States on prototype color receivers.
1956 – Sergei Avdeyev the Russian astronaut was born on the 1st January 1956.
1960 – Cameroon achieved independence from France and the United Kingdom on the 1st January 1960.
1962 – United States Navy SEALs was established on the 1st January 1962.
1962 – Anton Muscatelli the Italian conomist was born on the 1st January 1962.
1963 – Camila Batmanghelidjh the British businesswoman was born on the 1st January 1963.
1967 – Spencer Tunick the American photographer was born on the 1st January 1967.
1969 – Verne Troyer the American actor was born on the 1st January 1969.
1969 – Nicolle Dickson the Australian actress was born on the 1st January 1969.
1970 – Unix time began at 00:00:00 UTC/GMT on the 1st January 1970.
1975 – Eiichiro Oda the Japanese illustrator was born on the 1st January 1975.
1979 – Brody Dalle the Australian-American singer-songwriter and guitarist was born on the 1st January 1979.
1981 – Greece was admitted into the European Community on the 1st January 1981.
1985 – The Internet’s Domain Name System was created on the 1st January 1985.
1985 ~ Naughty Boy the British songwriter, record producer and musician was born Shahid Khan on the 1st January 1985. YouTube video: La La La – Naughty Boy song (2013)..
1990 – David Dinkins was sworn in as New York City’s first black mayor on the 1st January 1990.
1992 – Russia was officially formed on the 1st January 1992.
1995 – The World Trade Organization went into effect on the 1st January 1995.
1998 – The European Central Bank was established on the 1st January 1998.
1999 – The Euro currency was introduced in 11 countries on the 1st January 1999, to members of the European Union (with the exception of the United Kingdom, Denmark, Greece and Sweden).
2002 – Euro banknotes and coins became legal tender in 12 of the European Union’s member states on the 1st January 2002.
2009 – Slovakia joined the Eurozone on the 1st January 2009.
2011 – Estonia joined the Eurozone on the 1st January 2011.
2014 ~ Latvia joined the Eurozone on the 1st January 2014.